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School of Biological Sciences
Professor and Director, P. Carter; Professor and Associate Director of Graduate Program, R. Gomulkiewicz; Professor and Associate Director of Undergraduate Program, D. Evans; Professors, K. Beerman, J. Bishop (Vancouver), S. Bollens (Vancouver), A. Cousins, L. Hufford, M. Knoblauch, S. McGuire, C. Portfors (Vancouver), E. Roalson, C. Robbins, H. Schwabl, M. Skinner, A. Storfer, M. Tegeder; Associate Professors, J. Brunner, J. Busch, A. Cavagnetto, E. Crespi, W. Dowd, M. Dybdahl, H. Hellmann, R. Lee, A. McCubbin, G. Rollwagen-Bollens (Vancouver), C. Schultz (Vancouver), E. Schwartz, P. Verrell, H. Watts; Assistant Professors, W. Cooper (Tri-Cities), O. Cornejo, J. Kelley, H. Kunz, J. Pioviah-Scott (Vancouver), S. Porter (Vancouver); Clinical Associate Professor, L. Carloye; Clinical Assistant Professors, D. Allison, N. Ankrah, E. Johnson, K. McAteer (Tri-Cities), D. Monk, S. Ritchie, E. Sweet (Tri-Cities); Research Faculty, R. Giuliani, E. Nilsson, I. Sadler-Riggleman; Professors Emeriti, R. A. Black, G. Edwards, R. Johnson, K. Kardong, M. Ku, J. Larsen, R. Mack, J. Mallatt, D. Miller, D. Moffett, S. Moffett, C. Omoto, J. Paznokas, P. Schroeder, G. Thorgaard, E. Uribe.
The School of Biological Sciences offers training in molecular, cellular, organismal, ecological/environmental and evolutionary biology with an emphasis on plants and animals. The School offers Bachelor of Science degree programs in Biology and Zoology, and Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy programs in Biology and Plant Biology. The School also offers undergraduate minors in Zoology and Biology, and the Certificate in Quantitative Biology, provided in collaboration with the Department of Mathematics.
There are modern facilities for study of molecular and genomics, cellular biology, genetics, plant and animal physiology, anatomy and ultrastructure, functional morphology, ecology, molecular systematics, behavior, ecology, and environmental and evolutionary biology. The University's location is conducive to field studies at sites such as the 800 acre George E. Hudson Biological Preserve at Smoot Hill and nearby public lands. Special facilities include the Franceschi Microscopy and Imaging Center, plant growth facilities, a laboratory for bioanalysis and biotechnology with facilities for genotyping, DNA sequencing, and genomics, a laboratory for stable isotope analyses, and the collections of the Charles R. Conner Museum of Natural History and the Marion Ownbey Herbarium.
Cooperation with many other campus units extends research opportunities. Cooperative arrangements with faculty in units such as Molecular Biosciences, Animal Sciences, Environment, and the College of Veterinary Medicine are readily achieved.
Introductory biological sciences courses provide background in the concepts common to life sciences and an overview of the diversity of animals, plants, and microorganisms. Advanced biological sciences courses probe specific areas in depth.
Undergraduate coursework in either biology or zoology prepares students to pursue career opportunities in ecology and environmental biology, laboratory research and biotechnology, human health, animal health and welfare, plant biology, entomology, education, and a variety of other biological specializations.
Candidates for the Bachelor of Science in Biology or the Bachelor of Science in Zoology must fulfill the University and the College of Arts and Sciences requirements for graduation as described elsewhere in this catalog. Certification into the major requires completion of 24 semester credit hours and 2.0 GPA. Honors students complete honors requirements in place of UCORE requirements. The math and science components of those requirements are fulfilled as part of the School requirements described below. Other University requirements include: 120 total credit hours of which 40 must be 300-400-level credits; the writing portfolio; and two writing in the major courses (identified by [M] in the course listings). College requirements include one year of foreign language or two years taken in high school. The Schedule of Studies below provides a sample curriculum for each of the degree options offered by the School of Biological Sciences. All Bachelor of Science degree options in Biology and Zoology require a minimum of 19 semester credit hours of core BIOLOGY courses (BIOLOGY 106, 107, 301, 372 and 405 or 403). An additional 21 semester credit hours of biological sciences coursework selected in consultation with your biology advisor is required. The 21 semester credit hours must include 15 upper division credits, six of which must be BIOLOGY courses taken in residence at WSU. An overall GPA of at least 2.0 must be maintained in all College and School requirements. A maximum of 4 credits of coursework that are graded S, F may be used toward fulfilling School requirements or program options, and no other courses taken S or P can be applied toward fulfilling School requirements or program options. Students must complete an exit survey. Students may not double major or take a minor in any combination of Biology, Zoology, or General Studies Biological Sciences.
We expect that students graduating with a Bachelor of Science in Biology or Zoology will meet the following learning outcomes: (1) have a mastery of fundamental biological concepts and an ability to integrate this conceptual knowledge across different subfields within the discipline; (2) use critical thinking and scientific skills to analyze and solve biological problems; (3) effectively communicate biological problems and solutions to the scientific community and the public at-large in writing and in oral discussion; (4) have the ability to formulate logical hypotheses, to test hypotheses using quantitative and other appropriate methods involving collection and analysis of data, and to make valid inferences from experimental results; (5) identify and access the central body of knowledge in biology or zoology through utilization of a wide range of methods for researching the primary literature; (6) use scientific literacy and knowledge of biology or zoology to analyze contemporary social, cultural, and environmental issues to make informed rational decisions.
Seven options are available for the Bachelor of Science degree in Biology: general biology, biology education, plant biology, ecology/evolutionary biology, entomology, and pre-physical therapy/pre-occupational therapy/pre-physician assistant, and basic medical sciences. The general biology option provides broad training in the life sciences, particularly for students seeking to continue in professional or graduate school. The biology education option is particularly suitable for students who would like to teach biology at the high school level. The plant biology option is available for students with a special interest in plants and serves students who would like careers in Plant sciences or to pursue graduate studies. The ecology/evolutionary biology option provides a concentration on ecological and evolutionary biology to address interests in such fields as environmental and wildlife biology. The entomology option is available for students who wish to focus on insect biology. The pre-physical therapy/pre-occupational therapy/pre-physician assistant option is designed for students who would like to pursue studies in physical therapy, occupational therapy, or physician assistant programs. The basic medical sciences option supports students who aim for a career in the health fields, including professional training in medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy. This degree has two plans of study (Plan A or Plan B). Either will help students to meet the requirements for admission to medical, dental, or pharmacy schools, or other health science professional programs. Plan A students have a primary concentration of biological sciences and a secondary concentration in chemistry. Plan B requires courses from three unrelated areas of biological sciences (biology, molecular bioscience, and neuroscience). Students will work with their academic advisor in the School of Biological Sciences to plan individual courses of study.
Three options are available for the Bachelor of Science degree in Zoology: general zoology, pre-veterinary/animal care, and pre-medicine/pre-dentistry. Each of these options includes a core curriculum that provides a strong science foundation plus additional specialized courses taken in the particular program option. The flexible curriculum leading to a zoology degree meets the needs of students with various interests and goals. The general zoology option provides a broad, solid foundation in zoology. It is especially aimed at students desiring a well-rounded background for further professional studies or for entry into the work force in areas such as wildlife biology or fisheries. The pre-medicine/pre-dentistry option is offered by the School of Biological Sciences as a course program designed to provide a solid academic foundation that successfully prepares the student for admission into medical, dental, or pharmacy school. The pre-veterinary/animal care option prepares students for careers involving animal care and maintenance in research institutions, zoos, aquaria, and clinics and for application to colleges of veterinary medicine.
Accelerated Pre-Vet Option in Zoology
The School of Biological Sciences has an academic track that can allow highly qualified students to earn both a Bachelor of Science in Zoology and a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree within a seven-year span. Students can enroll in the undergraduate zoology program and complete all UCORE requirements, the necessary zoology core courses, and all veterinary medicine prerequisite coursework in a three year period. The required prerequisites courses can be found on the WSU CVM website: https://dvm.vetmed.wsu.edu/admissions/prerequisites. Such students who are accepted into the College of Veterinary Medicine DVM program after completing this 3 year program will then be allowed to transfer credit back from their first year DVM curriculum to fulfill the requirements that will allow them to earn a BS in Zoology.
Interested students must be advised by faculty in the School of Biological Sciences. High scholastic achievement and the promise of the same, along with demonstrated experience and interest in working with animals and within the veterinary profession, will be a few of the main criteria for inclusion. Interested students should contact the School of Biological Sciences no later than the first semester of the sophomore year. Students would then declare zoology with the pre-vet option as a major in the first semester of the sophomore year.
The procedures for application into the DVM program will be the same as those for all other applicants to the program (excluding those applicants applying to the Early Acceptance Undergraduate Programs through the Honors College or Department of Animal Sciences). Students in this program are not given preferential consideration for admission into the DVM program. Participants who complete the three-year zoology program, and are accepted into the DVM program during their junior year, will begin the veterinary medicine curriculum in their fourth year of study. These students would complete only the DVM curriculum from this point on, and credits from the first year of the DVM program will be used to fulfill the remaining requirements that will allow them to earn a BS in Zoology. If the student is not accepted into the DVM program or withdraws from it, he/she may continue to earn the BS in Zoology and may be eligible to apply to the College of Veterinary Medicine as a senior or following completion of the BS.
Science courses taken at other institutions will be evaluated and credits accepted when possible. Inquiries should be directed to the Associate Director of Undergraduate Programs.
At the graduate level, the school awards Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in Biology and Plant Biology. Faculty interests and research programs are diverse, including genomics, molecular and cellular biology, animal and plant physiology, various aspects of organismal biology of plants and animals, systematics, ecology, evolutionary biology, and biology education. A list of specific faculty interests can be obtained at https://sbs.wsu.edu/people/ or by writing to the School. Communication with faculty members prior to applying for the graduate program is strongly encouraged.
Preparation for Graduate Study in Biology and Plant Biology
Students with undergraduate majors in such fields as animal sciences, biology, botany, cell biology, environmental sciences, genetics, microbiology, natural resources, plant sciences, wildlife biology, and zoology may be prepared for graduate study in the School of Biological Sciences. Graduate Record Examination scores from the general aptitude section are required.
Students who complete Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in our program find careers as faculty in colleges and universities, conservation biologists and managers of natural resources, biologists and technicians for state and federal agencies, specialists in informatics, and scientists and laboratory technicians in biotechnology and other life sciences industries.
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Schedules of Studies
- Zoology - General Option
- Zoology - Pre-Medicine/Pre-Dentistry Option
- Biology - Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Option
- Biology - General Option
- Biology - Education Option
- Biology - Pre-Physical Therapy / Pre-Occupational Therapy / Pre-Physician Assistant Option
- Biology - Entomology Option
- Zoology - Pre-Veterinary/Animal Care Option
- Zoology - Accelerated Pre-Veterinary Option
- Biology - Plant Biology Option
- Biology - Basic Medical Sciences Plan A
- Biology - Basic Medical Sciences Plan B
- Certificate in Quantitative Biology